1 Saint‑Petersburg

2 Scientific and educational potential of St. Petersburg

3 Professional education

4 International ranking

5 Student capital

6 International cooperation

St. Petersburg

Saint‑Petersburg is one of the most beautiful cities in the world with a rich cultural heritage, and is rightly called the “Cultural Capital of Russia”.

Saint‑Petersburg was founded in 1703 by Peter I as the new capital of the Russian Empire. Numerous world-famous architects, including Domenico Trezzini, Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli, Giacomo Quarenghi, Carlo Rossi, Jean-Baptiste Le Blond, Auguste de Montferrand, Vasily Bazhenov, Andrey Voronikhin, Andreyan Zakharov, Vasily Stasov, Alexander Brullov, took part in the construction of the city, and its architectural ensemble was decorated by famous sculptors such as Carlo Bartolomeo Rastrelli, Étienne Maurice Falconet, Peter Clodt, Alexander Opekushin, Mikhail Mikeshin. The new beautiful city became the capital of the Russian Empire for over 200 years.

18th and 19th centuries marked the onset of the stage of brilliant development of Saint-Petersburg and Russia as a whole, coined as the “Golden Age” of Russian art. Very few cities in the world can boast of so many attractions, museum collections, opera and drama theaters, manors, palaces and parks. The literary and musical heritage of the city is no less outstanding, and the number of writers, poets and composers who were inspired by its misty shores might strike even the boldest imagination: Alexander Pushkin, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Nikolay Leskov, Modest Mussorgsky, Alexander Borodin, Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov, Pyotr Tchaikovsky and many others.

Saint-Petersburg is a “City of Bridges”: 68 rivers and canals cross the city, forming 42 islands within city limits. As of today, there are 580 bridges, including 20 drawn bridges in Saint-Petersburg and its suburbs, so the city has been rightly dubbed the “Venice of the North”.

Along with Paris, Rome and Venice, Saint‑Petersburg is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and the UNESCO World Heritage List includes about 4000 outstanding architectural, historical and cultural monuments of Saint-Petersburg.

However, Saint-Petersburg is not just an open-air museum, but is also one of the largest scientific and educational centers of Russia. It was in Saint-Petersburg where the Russian Academy of Sciences was set up by the Decree of Emperor Peter the Great, and the first secular higher educational institution of Russia, the Academic University, was opened. Higher education and science of the Northern Capital was glorified by great scientists such as Daniel Bernoulli, Leonhard Euler, Moritz Hermann (Boris) von Jacobi, Alfred Bernhard Nobel, Mikhail Lomonosov, Dmitry Mendeleev, Ivan Pavlov, Alexander Popov, Zhores Alferov and many other scholars whose names are in the global Hall of Fame of scientific thought.

Since the foundation of the city, scientific and educational activities never ceased, even during the Second World War. In wartime, not just active development of new weapons and industrial development took place, but scientific research was going on, experiments were conducted, new discoveries were made.

Presently 73 public and private higher educational institutions are involved in educational activities in Saint-Petersburg. 81 secondary professional education organizations along with 33 higher educational institutions train qualified specialists.

A wide network of research centers and institutes has been formed in the city, including more than 300 scientific organizations.


Saint‑Petersburg is a recognized scientific center of Russia, concentrating over 10% of the country’s scientific potential, as well as the center for academic, sectoral and university research, capable of generating scientific and technical achievements, both in the priority areas of modernization of the Russian economy, as well as in the priority areas of development of science, engineering and technology.

Scientific spheres (fields of study) of higher education:


Higher and Secondary Professional
Education System of St. Petersburg

Scientific Organizations
of St. Petersburg

Science and Education Talent Pool
of St. Petersburg

Strong professional education system has been and remains an important competitive advantage of Saint-Petersburg, even more significant in the context of transition to the knowledge economy. It is the largest branch of the social sector of the city, providing jobs for over 83,000 teachers and other professionals, and carrying out training and socialization of over 391,000 students and postgraduate students. 15.8% of the economically active population of Saint-Petersburg (over 470,000 people) are employed by or study in the professional education system, which trains highly qualified professionals not only for Saint-Petersburg, but for all regions of Russia, as well as for other countries of the world.

In order to attract young people to science, promote innovative activities among them and bring young talents to companies, a number of contests for students and graduate students is held every year, and prizes of the Government of Saint-Petersburg are awarded. An effective grant and competition system proves that a unique environment has been created in Saint-Petersburg for obtaining a university degree and subsequently applying the newly acquired professional skills and talents.

The Committee for Science and Higher Education is the government body in charge for the development of Saint-Petersburg’s policy in the field of science and higher education..

Professional education

По данным исследования «Доступность высшего образования в регионах России» (НИУ «Высшая школа экономики», 2016) в ранжированном списке региональных систем высшего образования Санкт‑Петербургcкий регион занимает:


Место по обеспеченности качественными местами

1St. Petersburg and Leningrad region212 014 мест64,7 %
2Tomsk region37 191 мест56,9 %
3Sverdlovsk region69 250 мест47,2 %
4Moscow and Moscow region355 774 мест38,1 %

Место по уровню финансовой доступности высшего образования

Образование, руб.Жилье, руб.Другое, руб.Доходы, руб.Общий показатель
1St. Petersburg and Leningrad region46 57612 200101 133391 47413,2
2Amur region38 9130114 468321 29015,0
3Vologodskaya Oblast40 898742102 936299 33915,5
29-30Moscow and Moscow region78 25830 173144 841424 06619,5

Как и в предшествующие годы, вузы Санкт‑Петербурга подтвердили свои высокие позиции среди всех российских вузов. В ТОП-10 вузов с самым высоким средним баллом ЕГЭ в 2018 году вошло три вуза Санкт‑Петербурга: St.Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO University) и HSE University – St Petersburg.

1 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University) 96,4
2 MGIMO University 95,3
3 Higher School of Economics (Moscow) 94,6
4 St.Petersburg State University 91,8
5 HSE University – St Petersburg 90,5
6 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) 90,3
7 St.Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO University) 90,2
8 Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration 89,7
9 Lomonosov Moscow State University 89,3
10 Plekhanov Russian University of Economics 89,2
В вузах Санкт‑Петербурга по программам высшего образования в 2018/2019 учебном году обучается более 312,7 тыс. человек:
Более 12,6 тыс. человек – по программам подготовки научно-педагогических кадров.
По программам бакалавриата, специалитета и магистратуры:
Более 278,4 тыс. студентов – в государственных вузах
Более 21,8 тыс. студентов – в негосударственных вузах

Численность иностранных граждан, обучающихся по программам бакалавриата, специалитета и магистратуры в вузах Санкт‑Петербург значительно увеличилась за последние восемь лет и в 2018 году составила 28,2 тыс. человек.

Более 75,5 тыс. человек получают в 2018/2019 учебном году государственную академическую стипендию.

Прием в вузы Санкт‑Петербурга на программы высшего образования (бакалавриат, специалитет и магистратуру) на все формы обучения в 2018/2019 учебном году составил более 92 тыс. человек, что превышает показатели предыдущих лет – 87,7 тыс. человек в 2016/2017 учебном году, 90,2 тыс. человек в 2017/2018 учебном году.

Доля иногородних студентов, принятых на первый курс на бюджетные места очной формы обучения государственных вузов, увеличилась с 38 % в 2002 году до 70,5 % в 2018 году.

Выпуск специалистов с высшим образованием из вузов Санкт‑Петербурга по всем формам обучения в 2018 году составил более 68 тыс. человек, в том числе в государственных – 61,4 тыс. человек и в негосударственных – 6,7 тыс. человек .

Система среднего профессионального образования (СПО) в 2018 году включает 114 образовательных организаций, реализующих программы подготовки специалистов среднего звена и программы подготовки квалифицированных рабочих и служащих.

81 профессиональная образовательная организация

76 городского подчинения в ведении шести исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт‑Петербурга

2 федерального подчинения

3 негосударственные

33 высших учебных заведения

27 государственных

6 негосударственных

Общая численность обучающихся в Санкт‑Петербурге по программам подготовки специалистов среднего звена превысила 77,2 тыс. человек (в том числе в самостоятельных профессиональных образовательных организациях – 72,6% и в вузах – 27,4%), прием на данные программы составил более 26,8 тыс. человек, выпуск специалистов – более 16,3 тыс. человек.

В Санкт‑Петербурге по программам среднего профессионального образования в 2018/2019 учебном году обучается более 2,3 тыс. иностранных студентов из 48 государств ближнего и дальнего зарубежья, а также лиц без гражданства.

Численность работников системы среднего профессионального образования Санкт‑Петербурга составила более 15,3 тыс. человек, в том числе более 5,3 тыс. педагогических работников.

International rankings

Saint‑Petersburg universities hold strong positions in international university rankings(THE, QS, ARWU).
For example, in 2016-2019 ten Saint-Petersburg universities were included in the rankings: St.Petersburg State University, Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University, St.Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO University), St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI” (ETU), St. Petersburg State Institute of Technology, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg State University of Economics, St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation (SUAI) и Rimsky-Korsakov St. Petersburg State Conservatory.

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Student capital

Saint-Petersburg is rightly called the Student Capital of Russia. Best Student Cities QS list 2018, Saint-Petersburg ranked the 76th.

391,000 students and graduate students, including over 32,000 foreign students from 151 countries in Saint-Petersburg.

The share of foreign students in the city’s universities amounts to 9,4 % of the total number of Saint-Petersburg students, which matches the level of leading international educational centers. Saint-Petersburg universities offer double degree programs, networked learning and online learning programs. An effective system for learning Russian as a foreign language has been developed for future students. Saint-Petersburg universities offer educational programs in Russian, English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Chinese and other foreign languages.

International cooperation

The development of international and interregional cooperation of Saint-Petersburg in the field of professional education and science is carried out in accordance with international and interregional agreements of Saint-Petersburg, programs for the development of professional education and science of Saint-Petersburg, and instructions of the Governor of Saint-Petersburg.

Higher educational institutions, professional educational organizations and scientific organizations of Saint-Petersburg have concluded and are implementing over 4,500 agreements with partners from foreign countries and Russian Federation regions, including more than 3,700 international agreements and more than 800 interregional agreements.

Within the framework of partnership agreements, educational and scientific organizations of Saint-Petersburg cooperate in the field of implementation of joint research and educational programs and projects, exchange of scientific and technical information and literature, participation in joint congresses in the field of professional education and science, joint publication of the results of scientific research, etc.

Annually more than 1,500 foreign delegations visit educational organizations of Saint-Petersburg,

Representatives of Saint-Petersburg universities make more than 4,500 visits to foreign countries and Russian Federation regions

Over the past year, Saint-Petersburg universities have participated in more than 1.5 thousand major international congress events.

To develop and reinforce the educational and scientific potential of Saint-Petersburg, the Government of Saint-Petersburg has been regularly holding a number of major national and international events in the field of science and education, including Saint-Petersburg Science Forum “Science and Society” and Saint-Petersburg Nobel Prize Laureates Meeting, the Week of Science and Professional Education of Saint-Petersburg, which includes Saint-Petersburg International Scientific and Educational Salon and Saint-Petersburg Congress “Professional Education, Science and Innovation in the XXI Century”, Saint-Petersburg International Innovation Forum and other events.